Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast. The country has a diverse geography, with mountains, plains, and deserts. The capital and largest city is Kabul. The official language is Pashto, and the majority of the population is Muslim. The country has a long history, with many empires and dynasties having ruled over the region, including the ancient Persians, Greeks, and Mongols. In recent years, the country has been plagued by political instability, terrorism, and a long-running conflict with the Taliban. Despite these challenges, Afghanistan has a rich cultural heritage and a resilient people who continue to work towards a more peaceful and prosperous future.