Albania is a country located in the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. Its coastline along the Ionian Sea is approximately 362 kilometers long, and its total area is around 28,748 square kilometers. The country has a diverse geography, with mountains, hills, and valleys in the north and a coastal lowland in the south. The capital and largest city is Tirana, and other major cities include Durres, Elbasan, and Vlore. Albania has a population of around 3 million people and a diverse culture influenced by its history of Ottoman and Italian rule. The official language is Albanian, and the country has a developing economy with a high level of human development.