Benin, officially the Republic of Benin, is a country located in West Africa. It was formerly known as Dahomey. The country has a population of around 11 million people and has a diverse culture with over 40 ethnic groups. The official language is French, and the capital city is Porto-Novo. Benin is known for its rich history, including the Dahomey Kingdom, which was a powerful empire in the 18th and 19th centuries. The country is also known for its vibrant music and dance, including the traditional dance called the "Agbadja." Benin is a developing country and relies heavily on agriculture, with cotton being the main crop. The country has a tropical climate and is prone to droughts and floods.