Bangladesh is a country located in South Asia, bordered by India to the west, north, and east, and by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) to the southeast. It has a diverse landscape that includes fertile plains, and hills. The capital and largest city is Dhaka. The official language is Bengali, and the majority of the population is Muslim, with Hinduism being the second-largest religion. Bangladesh has a long history, with the region being a part of the ancient Indian subcontinent and later a British colony. It gained independence in 1971 after a bloody war with Pakistan. Today, Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy and has a growing economy, with textiles and garments being a major industry. The country is also known for its rich cultural heritage, including the ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro and the Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest.