Ethiopia is a landlocked country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the oldest independent country in Africa and the second-most populous country on the continent, with a diverse population of over 100 million people. Ethiopia has a long history dating back to the ancient Kingdom of Axum, and it is known for its rich cultural heritage, including the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela and the ancient obelisks of Axum. The country is also home to diverse wildlife, including the famous gelada baboons and the endangered Ethiopian wolf. Despite facing challenges such as poverty and political instability, Ethiopia has made significant progress in recent years, with a growing economy and improved access to education and healthcare.