Gabon, officially the Gabonese Republic, is a sovereign state located in the central-western coast of Central Africa. It is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo to the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west. The country has an area of nearly 27,000 square kilometers and a population of approximately 2.1 million people. The official language is French, and the majority of the population practices Christianity. The country has a diverse culture, with more than 40 ethnic groups. The capital and largest city is Libreville. The country is known for its rich natural resources, including timber, manganese, and oil. The economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and oil production.