Iceland is a Nordic island country located in the North Atlantic, with a population of around 360,000 people. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, including geysers, waterfalls, black sand beaches, and glaciers. The capital and largest city is Reykjavik, which is known for its vibrant cultural scene, nightlife, and cuisine. Iceland is also famous for its unique history and folklore, including the Viking Age and the Sagas. The country has a modern and developed economy, with a high standard of living and a strong focus on renewable energy and sustainability.