Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country located in Southern Europe. It is a peninsula that extends into the central Mediterranean Sea, and it is characterized by a diverse geography, rich culture, and a long history. The country is home to numerous famous landmarks, such as the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, and the Pantheon, as well as some of the world's most famous art cities, including Florence, Venice, and Rome. Italy is also known for its beautiful coastlines, picturesque towns, and delicious cuisine, including pizza, pasta, and gelato. With a population of around 60 million people, Italy is the third most populous country in the European Union and has a thriving economy, with a strong focus on tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing.