Jordan is a country located in the Middle East, bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the east, and Saudi Arabia to the south and west. It has a diverse geography, including the Jordan Rift Valley, the Dead Sea, and the mountains of the Hejaz region. The capital city is Amman, and the official language is Arabic, with English widely spoken. Jordan is known for its rich history and cultural heritage, including the ancient city of Petra, the Roman ruins of Jerash, and the baptism site of Jesus on the River Jordan. The country has a relatively modern and stable government, and a growing economy based on tourism, mining, and agriculture.