Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country located in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China. It has a diverse landscape of mountains, valleys, and deserts, with the Tian Shan and Pamir mountain ranges covering over 80% of the country. The capital city is Bishkek, and the official language is Kyrgyz, a Turkic language. The country has a rich cultural heritage, with a blend of traditional nomadic and modern urban lifestyles. The economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and hydropower, with the country being known for its significant gold reserves.