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Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati, is a small island nation located in the central Pacific Ocean. It comprises 33 atolls and one raised coral island, with a total land area of approximately 811 square kilometers. The country has a population of around 110,000 people and a diverse culture influenced by its Micronesian and Polynesian heritage. The capital and largest city is South Tarawa, which is home to over half of the country's population. Kiribati is known for its pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and rich marine life, including dolphins, whales, and sea turtles. The country is also vulnerable to climate change, with rising sea levels and droughts posing significant challenges to its communities and economy.