Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. It is bordered by North Korea to the north, China to the west, and Japan to the southeast. The country is divided into eight provinces and one special self-governing city, with Seoul as the capital and largest city. The country has a population of around 51 million people and has a diverse culture influenced by its history, traditions, and international relations. The official language is Korean, and the country has a market-based economy with a high standard of living and a strong technology industry.