Lebanon is a country located in the Middle East, bordered by Syria to the north and east, Israel to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. It has a diverse population of around 6 million people, with a mix of Muslims, Christians, and Druze. The capital city is Beirut, and the official languages are Arabic and French. Lebanon is known for its rich history, including ancient civilizations such as the Phoenicians and the Romans, and its vibrant cultural scene, including music, art, and cuisine. The country has a diverse geography, with mountains, valleys, and a long coastline. Despite its small size, Lebanon has faced many challenges, including political instability, economic struggles, and the impact of regional conflicts.