Monaco is a sovereign city-state located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. It is bordered by France on three sides and the Mediterranean Sea on the fourth side. Monaco is the second-smallest country in the world after the Vatican City, with an area of just 2 square kilometers. Despite its small size, Monaco is known for its luxurious lifestyle, beautiful beaches, and mild climate. The country is a popular tourist destination and is also known for its casinos, Formula One racing, and the annual Monaco Grand Prix. Monaco is a constitutional monarchy with a royal family that has ruled the country for over 700 years. The official language is French, but Monégasque, Italian, and English are also widely spoken.