Madagascar is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. It is the fourth-largest island in the world and is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including many species found nowhere else on Earth. The country has a long history of human habitation, with the earliest known settlers arriving on the island around 2,000 years ago. Today, Madagascar is a democratic republic with a developing economy and a rich cultural heritage. The capital city is Antananarivo, and the official languages are Malagasy and French. The country is known for its unique wildlife, including lemurs, fossa, and aye-aye, as well as its beautiful beaches, rainforests, and diverse ecosystems.