The Marshall Islands, officially known as the Republic of the Marshall Islands, is a small island country located in the Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia. The country consists of 29 atolls, or ring-shaped coral reefs, with a total land area of approximately 70 square miles. The capital and largest city is Majuro. The Marshall Islands have a population of around 53,000 people and a diverse culture influenced by their history as a former German colony and later a trust territory of the United States. The official language is Marshallese, and the majority of the population practices Christianity. The economy is primarily based on fishing and copra production, and the country is known for its beautiful beaches and scuba diving opportunities.