Mauritania is a country located in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Senegal to the south, Mali to the southwest, and Algeria to the northeast. The country has a diverse geography, with deserts, mountains, and coastal areas. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott. The official language is Arabic, but French and Wolof are also widely spoken. The majority of the population is Muslim, and the country has a rich cultural heritage, including traditional music and dance. The economy is primarily based on agriculture and mining, with iron ore and gold being major exports. The country faces challenges such as poverty, drought, and political instability.