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22.44 million
Niger, officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country located in Western Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest. The country is known for its diverse geography, including deserts, mountains, and fertile valleys. The capital and largest city is Niamey. The official language is French, and the majority of the population practices Islam. The country has a diverse culture, with over 20 ethnic groups and more than 100 languages spoken. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world and faces challenges such as poverty, hunger, and political instability.