Nauru is a small island nation located in the Pacific Ocean. It has a population of approximately 11,000 people and a land area of 21 square kilometers. The country has a tropical climate and is known for its phosphate deposits, which were once the main source of income for the country. However, the phosphate resources are now almost depleted, and the country is facing significant economic and environmental challenges. Nauru has a presidential system of government and is a member of the United Nations and the Pacific Islands Forum. The country has a diverse culture, with influences from Micronesian, Polynesian, and Melanesian traditions.