Peru is a country located in western South America. It is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is a democratic republic with a president as the head of state and government. The country has a diverse population, with a mix of indigenous, European, African, and Asian cultures. The capital and largest city is Lima, and other major cities include Arequipa, Cusco, and Trujillo. Peru is known for its rich cultural heritage, including the ancient Inca Empire, and its natural beauty, such as the Andes mountains and the Amazon rainforest. The country has a growing economy, with a focus on mining, manufacturing, and tourism.