Qatar is a peninsular Arab country in the Middle East, bordering Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. It has a diverse economy based on oil and natural gas production, as well as financial services and tourism. The capital city of Doha is known for its modern architecture and cultural institutions, including the Museum of Islamic Art and the National Museum of Qatar. The country has a hot desert climate and a population of around 2.6 million people, with a diverse society made up of Qatari citizens and expatriates from around the world. Qatar is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council and has played a significant role in regional politics and international affairs.