Rwanda is a small landlocked country located in the eastern part of Africa, bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a diverse geography, with mountains, valleys, and savannas, and is home to several volcanoes and lakes. The country has a population of around 12 million people, with the majority being the Hutu ethnic group, and a significant minority of Tutsi and other groups. Rwanda has a long history of political instability and conflict, including a genocide in 1994 that resulted in the deaths of over 800,000 people, primarily from the Tutsi ethnic group. Today, Rwanda is a developing country with a growing economy and a focus on tourism, agriculture, and technology. The capital city is Kigali, and the official languages are Kinyarwanda, English, and French.