Saudi Arabia is a country located in the Middle East, bordered by Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. It is the largest country in the Arab world and has a diverse geography, including deserts, mountains, and coastlines along the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. The country has a population of approximately 34 million people and is known for its rich oil reserves, which have driven its economic development and made it one of the wealthiest countries in the world. The capital city is Riyadh, and the official language is Arabic. Saudi Arabia is a conservative Islamic state with a strict adherence to Islamic law, and the country is known for its cultural and religious heritage, including the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.