Sudan, located in northeastern Africa, is the third-largest country on the continent and the tenth-largest in Africa. It has a diverse geography, with deserts, savannas, and highlands. The capital city is Khartoum, and the official languages are Arabic and English. The majority of the population practices Islam, and there are also significant Christian and animist communities. Sudan has a long history, with ancient civilizations such as the Nubians and the Kingdom of Kush. The country has faced many challenges, including political instability, economic struggles, and humanitarian crises. Despite these challenges, Sudan has the potential to be a prosperous and stable country with its rich natural resources and diverse culture.