Serbia is a country located in the Balkan Peninsula, in southeastern Europe. It has a population of around 7 million people and a diverse geography that includes mountains, rivers, and plains. The capital city is Belgrade, and the official language is Serbian, a Slavic language. Serbia has a long and complex history, with many empires and dynasties having ruled over the region throughout the centuries. Today, Serbia is a parliamentary republic and a candidate for membership in the European Union. The country is known for its rich cultural heritage, including traditional music, dance, and art, as well as its beautiful natural landscapes and outdoor recreational opportunities.