Samoa, officially known as the Independent State of Samoa, is a sovereign state located in Polynesia. It comprises two main islands, Upolu and Savai'i, which are separated by a 24-kilometer-wide strait. The country has a total land area of approximately 2,842 square kilometers and a population of around 190,000 people. The capital city is Apia, which is located on the northern coast of Upolu. Samoa has a tropical rainforest climate and is known for its lush vegetation, beautiful beaches, and rich cultural heritage. The country has a diverse economy, with agriculture, fishing, and tourism being the main sectors. Samoa is also home to several important landmarks, such as the To Sua Ocean Trench and the Robert Louis Stevenson Museum.