Yemen is a country located in the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, and Oman to the east. Yemen has a diverse geography, including mountains, deserts, and coastal plains. The capital and largest city is Sana'a, and the official language is Arabic. Yemen has a population of around 29 million people and the majority of the population is Sunni Muslim. The country has a long history, with ancient civilizations such as the Sabaean and Himyarite kingdoms, and has been influenced by various empires, including the Ottoman and British. Today, Yemen faces many challenges, including political instability, terrorism, and humanitarian crises.